Timothy Leary at the Human Be-In in San Francisco 1967 

"Turn on" meant go within to activate your neural and genetic equipment. Become sensitive to the many and various levels of consciousness and the specific triggers that engage them. Drugs were one way to accomplish this end. "Tune in" meant interact harmoniously with the world around you - externalize, materialize, express your new internal perspectives. "Drop out" suggested an active, selective, graceful process of detachment from involuntary or unconscious commitments. "Drop Out" meant self-reliance, a discovery of one’s singularity, a commitment to mobility, choice, and change. Unhappily my explanations of this sequence of personal development were often misinterpreted to mean “Get stoned and abandon all constructive activity” - Timothy Leary (explaining the meaning behind Turn on,tune in,drop out”  in his 1983 autobiography Flashbacks)


The Realist, a pioneering magazine in social criticism and satire, was edited and published by Paul Krassner, a journalist, comedian, author, and driving force behind the Yippies, the “New Left”, and 1960s counterculture. Although the Realist is often considered part of the underground press of 1960s counterculture, it was first published in 1958 in New York City and was nationally distributed by 1959.

The Realist fell out of regular circulation in 1974, and received financial support from none other than John Lennon to stay afloat. The final issue of The Realist ran in Spring 2001. It is widely considered the first magazine to print conspiracy theories and criticizes political, religious and cultural issues.